He studied Economics and Philosophy at Cambridge and has had a career in independent policy institutes, initially specialising in energy and the agriculture/environment themes. He joined IEEP in 1984 and has been Director since 1998, establishing the Brussels office two years later. He has engaged in many aspects of European environmental, agricultural, biodiversity, climate and related policies and is an experienced analyst of policy regimes and options in Europe. As well as independent work he has led a large number of policy research studies for the European Commission, European Parliament, OECD, national governments, foundations and NGOs. He has been published widely and regularly gives evidence to parliamentary committees and government agencies. Recent work includes a range of papers and contributions to the EU, biodiversity, climate and bioenergy debates. David has been one of the authors of two recent reports published by IEEP looking at the environmental implications of various outcomes of the upcoming EU referendum in the UK.